He was killed while leading the Ptolemaic army… … At the height of his success in 59 BC, after paying substantial bribes to Julius Caesar and Pompey, a formal alliance was formed (foedera) and his name was inscribed into the list of friends and allies of the people of Rome (amici et socii populi Romani). Egypt came under increasing Roman pressure nevertheless. With the siege now stalemated the Ptolemaic forces requested that Julius Caesar release Ptolemy XIII Auletes, who had been in Caesar’s custody the entire time. Ptolemy XII Auletes(117 BC-51 BC) was the Ptolemaic King of Egypt from 80 to 58 BC (succeeding Ptolemy XI and precedingCleopatra VI and Berenice IV) and from 55 to 51 BC (succeeding Cleopatra VIand Berenice and preceding Ptolemy XIII and Cleopatra). In April 80 BC, Ptolemy XI Alexander II, the son of Ptolemy X, was installed as her co-regent, promptly murdered her, and was himself killed by an angry Alexandrian mob. ), also known as King Ptolemy Auletes, was an Egyptian pharaoh during the Ptolemaic dynasty. One hypothesis contends that possibly they (and perhaps Cleopatra VII) were Ptolemy XII's children with a theoretical half Macedonian Greek, half Egyptian woman belonging to a priestly family from Memphis in northern Egypt,[56] but this is only speculation. His reign as king was interrupted by a general rebellion that resulted in his exile from 58-55 BC. Since the Senate was busy with its own affairs, his ally Pompey approved the will. As previously stated, Cleopatra was born into power. [50] According to the author Mary Siani-Davies: Throughout his long-lasting reign the principal aim of Ptolemy was to secure his hold on the Egyptian throne so as to eventually pass it to his heirs. Topic. ), of the Macedonian dynasty; son of Ptolemy XI. [19] Meanwhile, Ptolemy IX died in December 81 BC and was succeeded by Berenice III. Cleopatra III sent her grandsons to Kos in 103 BC. Ptolemy XII Auletes - Wikipedia He was succeeded by his daughter, Cleopatra, and son, Ptolemy XIII, as joint rulers as stipulated in his will and testament. In his will he declared that she and her brother Ptolemy XIII should rule the kingdom together. A strike by farmers of royal land in Herakleopolis which is attested in a papyrus document from 61/60 BC has been interpreted as a sign of widespread discontent with this taxation. The boys were living in exile in Sinop, Turkey at the court of Mithridates VI, King of Pontus. In 65 BC, the Roman censor, Marcus Licinius Crassus proposed that Rome annex Egypt. Take your favorite fandoms with you and never miss a beat. This unique characteristic was maintained through intermarriage; most often these marriages were either between brother and sister or even uncle and niece. Ptolemy XII maintained his grip on power in Alexandria with the assistance of around two thousand Roman soldiers and mercenaries, known as the Gabiniani. [43] The exact date of Ptolemy XII's restoration is unknown; the earliest possible date of restoration was 4 January 55 BC and the latest possible date was 24 June the same year. In 117 BC, Ptolemy IX was governor of Cyprus, but in 116 BC his father Ptolemy VIII died and he returned to Alexandria, becoming the junior co-regent of his grandmother Cleopatra II and his mother Cleopatra III. Daughter of King Ptolemy XII Auletes, Cleopatra was destined to become the last queen of the Macedonian dynasty that ruled Egypt between the death of Alexander the Great in 323 bce and its annexation by Rome in 30 bce. His will stated that Cleopatra, who was 18 at the time, would marry her brother Ptolemy XIII. The Ptolemys coexisted as both Egyptian pharaohs as well as Greek monarchs. Ptolemy XII was the oldest son of Ptolemy IX Soter. She may have been the daughter of Cleopatra V Tryphaina, although Strabo 17.1.11 says only one of the daughters of Ptolemy was legitimate, and that not Cleopatra.Cleopatra married her younger brother Ptolemy XIII and after his death, married her younger brother Ptolemy XIV. Ptolemy seemingly had their leader Dio of Alexandria poisoned and most of the other protesters killed before they reached Rome. Ptolemy XIII Theos Philopator (Greek: Πτολεμαῖος Θεός Φιλοπάτωρ, Ptolemaĩos Theós Philopátōr "Ptolemy, God Beloved of his Father"; 62 BC/61 BC – prob. Dodson, Aidan and Hilton, Dyan. January 13, 47 BC, reigned from 51 BC) was one of the last members of the Ptolemaic dynasty (305–30 BC) of Egypt.He was the son of Ptolemy XII and the brother of and co-ruler with Cleopatra VII. To safeguard his interests, he made the people of Rome executors of his will. She was the third daughter of Ptolemy XII of Egypt, a Greek born in Alexandria, Egypt. Ptolemy paid Pompey and Caesar six thousand talents – an enormous sum, equivalent to the total annual revenue of Egypt. [63], The philosopher Porphyry (c. 234 – c. 305 AD) wrote of Ptolemy XII's daughter Cleopatra VI Tryphaena, who reigned alongside her sister Berenice. On the death of his father he was under the guardianship of Pompey. The courtiers in Alexandria forced Ptolemy to step down from the thone and leave Egypt. In 80 BC, Ptolemy XII succeeded Ptolemy XI to the throne of Egypt. So both of the women were killed and Auletes restored his reign. Ptolemy XIV of Egypt is similar to these royalties: Cleopatra, Ptolemy XII Auletes, Ptolemy XI Alexander II and more. [3] The Roman Senate recognised Ptolemy as king and Caesar passed a law that added Ptolemy to the list of friends and allies of the people of Rome (amici et socii populi Romani) in 59 BC. [13][14] Relations between Ptolemy IX and his mother deteriorated. Her mother is subject to dispute. He was killed while leading the Ptolemaic army against Julius Caesar … Many experts now identify Cleopatra VI with Cleopatra V.[55], Bust of Ptolemy XII housed at the Department of Greek, Etruscan and Roman Antiquities at the, Πτολεμαῖος Νέος Διόνυσος Φιλοπάτωρ Φιλάδελφος, sfn error: no target: CITEREFSullivan1990 (. Ptolemy XII died sometime before 22 March 51 BC. In 116 BC Ptolemy IX's father, Ptolemy VIII, died and he became co-regent with his mother, Cleopatra III. However, Cicero and other ancient sources refer to Ptolemy XII as an illegitimate son; Pompeius Trogus called him a "nothos" (bastard), while Pausanias wrote that Ptolemy IX had no legitimate sons at all. To achieve this goal he was prepared to sacrifice much: the loss of rich Ptolemaic lands, most of his wealth and even, according to Cicero, the very dignity on which the mystique of kingship rested when he appeared before the Roman people as a mere supplicant. His old ally Pompey housed the exiled king and his daughter and argued on behalf of Ptolemy's restoration in the Senate. [55] Cleopatra V disappears from court records a few months after the birth of Ptolemy's second known child,[56] and probably hers, Cleopatra VII in 69 BC. The exact date of Ptolemy XII's restoration is unknown; the earliest possible date of restoration was 4 January 55 BC and the latest possible date was 24 June the same year. [11] If he was the son of Cleopatra IV, he was probably born around 117 BC and followed around a year later by a brother, known as Ptolemy of Cyprus. [36][34], Taking his daughter Cleopatra with him, Ptolemy fled for the safety of Rome. In 63 BC, when Pompey was reorganising Syria and Anatolia following his victory in the Third Mithridatic War, Ptolemy sought to form a relationship with Pompey by sending him a golden crown. [14], When Ptolemy X had died in 88 BC, his will had left Egypt to Rome in the event that he had no surviving heirs. These encounters are described in detail on Pasherienptah's funerary stela, Stele BM 866, and they demonstrate the extremely close and mutually reinforcing relationship that had developed between the Ptolemaic kings and the Memphite priesthood by this date. Generally, descriptions of Ptolemy XII portray him as weak and self-indulgent, drunk, or a lover of music. [23] The couple became co-regents and they were incorporated into the Ptolemaic dynastic cult together as the Theoi Philopatores kai Philadelphoi (Father-loving and Sibling-loving Gods). Ptolemy XII (Ptolemy Auletes) (tŏl`əmē ôlē`tēz), d. 51 B.C., king of ancient Egypt (80–58 B.C., 55–51 B.C. He was commonly known as Auletes (Αὐλητής, "the Flautist"), referring to the king's love of playing the flute in Dionysian festivals. Their sibling rivalry of these co-rulers soon involved Rome. He was completely overshadowed from the start by his brilliant and celebrated sister, Cleopatra, who became his … [9] This theory is endorsed by the historian Adrian Goldsworthy. Ancient Egypt Wiki is a FANDOM Lifestyle Community. [56][57][58][59][60][61][62] The identity of the mother of the last three of Ptolemy's children, in birth order Arsinoe IV, Ptolemy XIII Theos Philopator, and Ptolemy XIV, is also uncertain. This title was probably meant to reinforce Ptolemy XII's claim to the throne in the face of claims that his parentage meant that he was an illegitimate son of Ptolemy IX and therefore not entitled to rule. The Complete Royal Families of Ancient Egypt. [14][18] Ironically, their father had reclaimed the Egyptian throne around the same time. "Auletes" (The Flute Player), or "Nothos" (The Bastard). His mother is unknown. [24][25] Ptolemy XII continued this pro-Roman policy in order to protect himself and secure his dynasty's fate. – 51 B.C. [10], The date of Ptolemy XII's birth is thus uncertain. The Alexandrians then summoned Ptolemy XII to return to Egypt and assume the kingship; his brother became king of Cyprus, where he would reign until 58 BC. The 18-year-old queen found herself embroiled in court intrigue and soon was ousted from Alexandria, the capital of her realm. Rome annexed Cyprus in 58 BC, causing Ptolemy of Cyprus to commit suicide. [22], In August 69 BC, Cleopatra V ceases to be mentioned as co-regent. BC He left the crown and kingdom of Egypt to his eldest surviving daughter, Cleopatra, and his elder son, Ptolemy XII, a lad of nine or ten years. From Rome he prosecuted his restitution, finding favor with his old ally Pompey but meeting some opposition with certain members of the Senate. Shortly after his accession, Ptolemy married Cleopatra Tryphaena. She was soon murdered by her cousin and co-regent, Ptolemy XI, who was then killed. One of the unique and often misunderstood aspects of the Ptolemaic dynasty is how and why it never became Egyptian. At the start of this war, Cleopatra III sent her grandsons to the island of Kos along with her treasure in order to protect them. Berenice was executed. B.C. Dio Cassius reports that a group of 100 men were sent as envoys from Egypt to make their case to the Romans against Ptolemy XII, but Ptolemy had most of these killed before they reached Rome. In 55 BC, Ptolemy paid Aulus Gabinius10,000 talents to invade Egypt and so recovered his throne. Soon before his death he chose his daughter Cleopatra VII as his coregent. He finally recovered his throne by paying Aulus Gabinius 10,000 talents to invade Egypt in 55 BC. [34], The bribery policy had been unpopular in Egypt for a long time, both because of its obsequiousness and because of the heavy tax burden that it entailed, but the annexation of Cyprus demonstrated its failure and enraged the people of Alexandria. Learning from previous mistakes, Ptolemy XII shifted popular resentment of tax increases from himself to a Roman, his main creditor Gaius Rabirius Postumus, whom he appointed dioiketes (minister of finance), and so in charge of debt repayment. [7][8][note 1] However, Chris Bennett argues that Ptolemy XII's mother was Cleopatra IV and that he was considered illegitimate simply because she had never been co-regent. At first, Ptolemy XII was coregent with his sister Cleopatra VI Tryphaina and his wife Cleopatra V Tryphaena, but the former mysteriously disappears from the records in 69 BC. She was murdered by his rival in 114 BC. Auletes was only to keep the throne two years after regaining it as he died in the spring of 51 B.C. February/March 51: Death of Ptolemy's father, Ptolemy XII Auletes. [41], In 55 BC, Ptolemy paid Aulus Gabinius 10,000 talents to invade Egypt and so recovered his throne. He was more commonly known as. She wants to rule with Ptolemy X Alexander, but the Alexandrines force her to accept Ptolemy IX Soter, who is fourteen years old, as co-ruler. Ptolemy XIII Theos Philopator (The Father-loving God, born 62/61 BCE, died 47 BCE) was pharaoh of Egypt from 51 BCE until his death. To safeguard his interests, he made the people of Rome executors of his will. [26] This proposal failed in the face of opposition from Quintus Lutatius Catulus and Cicero. [12] Justin mentions that Ptolemy IX left two sons behind when he fled Alexandria. When Ptolemy XI died without a male heir, the only available male descendents of the Ptolemy I lineage were the illegitimate sons of Ptolemy IX by an unknown Alexandrian Greek concubine (Clayton, 1994). With reference to the family tree enclosed, intermarrying within Cleopatra’s family was so prevalent that she only had two ancestors alive 120 years before her birth. Ptolemy XIII … This gave the Romans even more leverage over his regime and meant that the fate of Egypt became an increasingly immediate issue in Roman politics. His reign was officially dated as having begun on the death of his father in 81 BC, thereby eliding the reigns of Berenice III and Ptolemy X. Ptolemy IX was married twice, to his sister Cleopatra IV from around 119 BC until he was forced to divorce her in 115 BC, and secondly to another sister Cleopatra Selene from 115 BC, until he abandoned her during his flight from Alexandria in 107 BC. [35] He was replaced by his daughter Berenice IV, who ruled jointly with Cleopatra Tryphaena, who is probably Ptolemy XII's former wife but may be an otherwise unattested daughter. Sons: Ptolemy XIII, Ptolemy XIV; Main deeds. [9], Ptolemy IX made an attempt to reclaim the Ptolemaic throne in 103 BC, by invading Judaea. Was Cleopatra a killer? ), of the Macedonian dynasty, illegitimate son of Ptolemy IX Pt ), of the Macedonian dynasty, illegitimate son of Ptolemy IX Pt "Auletes" (The Flute Player), or "Nothos" (The Bastard). She was at that time the oldest child of Auletes, since two older sisters had died. This arrangement enabled Rome to exert power over Ptolemy, who ruled until he fell ill in 51 BC. The identity of his mother is uncertain. Ptolemy married his sister Cleopatra V Tryphaena who was with certainty the mother of his eldest known child, Berenice IV. Ptolemy Auletes died in 51. She was a daughter of Pharaoh Ptolemy XII Auletes. Her mother remains controversial, but Cleopatra was known to have referred to Ptolemy Alexander as her grandfather, and therefore Ptolemy XII’s wife, Cleopatra V Tryphaena is the likeliest candidate. Alternative Title: Ptolemy XII Theos Philopater Philadelphus Neos Dionysos Auletes. Ptolemy XII Neos Dionysos (c. 100? [39] In 57 BC, pressure from the Roman public forced the Senate's decision to restore Ptolemy. 28 June 116: Death of Ptolemy VIII Physcon, who is succeeded by Cleopatra III. Shortly afterwards, Ptolemy XII was deposed by the Egyptian people and fled to Rome; his eldest daughter, Berenice IV, took the throne. She was first briefly co-ruler with her father, Ptolemy XII Auletes and on his death became co-ruler with her brother Ptolemy XIII in the spring of 51 B.C.E. Daughter of King Ptolemy XII Auletes, Cleopatra was destined to become the last queen of the Macedonian dynasty that ruled Egypt between the death of Alexander the Great in 323 bce and its annexation by Rome in 30 bce. Ptolemy XIII Theos Philopator, (Greek: “Ptolemy the Father-Loving God”) (born 62/61—died 47 bc, near Alexandria), Macedonian king of Egypt and coruler with his famous sister, Cleopatra VII. Increasingly, Ptolemy XII also had recourse to loans from Roman bankers, such as Gaius Rabirius Postumus. [12] By 109 BC, Ptolemy IX had begun the process of introducing Ptolemy XII to public life. [22] Ptolemy adopted a new royal epithet Neos Dionysos (New Dionysus) at some time after this; Chris Bennett proposes that the epithet was linked to the break with Cleopatra. Cleopatra rose to power by forging alliances with leaders of foreign nations in order to back her claim of the Egyptian throne. [1][2] But he is also possibly the Son of Ptolemy XI and Cleopatra IV. With Roman funding and military assistance, Ptolemy XII was able to recapture Egypt and have Berenice IV killed in 55 BC. The early life of Cleopatra VII (r. 51 – 10 or 12 August 30 BC) of Ptolemaic Egypt began with her birth in early 69 BC to reigning pharaoh Ptolemy XII Auletes and an unknown mother (possibly Cleopatra V), and lasted until her accession to the throne by March 51 BC. His favorite daughter, Cleopatra VII succeeded him on the throne. In that year, Ptolemy XII served as the Priest of Alexander and Ptolemaic kings (an office which Ptolemy IX otherwise held himself throughout his reign) and had a festival established in his honour in Cyrene. Ptolemy XII's personal cult name (Neos Dionysos) earned him the ridiculing sobriquet Auletes (flute player) — as we learn from Strabo's writing (Strabo XVII, 1, 11): Now all at kings after the third Ptolemy, being corrupted by luxurious living, have administered the affairs of government badly, but worst of all the fourth, seventh, and the last, Auletes, who, apart from his general licentiousness, practised the accompaniment of choruses with the flute, and upon this he prided himself so much that he would not hesitate to celebrate contests in the royal palace, and at these contests would come forward to vie with the opposing contestants. He is succeeded by Cleopatra VII; Summer 50: Cleopatra accepts her brother Ptolemy XIII as co-ruler; Summer 49: Sole rule of Ptolemy XIII, recognized by bothGaius Julius Caesar, the Roman dictator, and his opponent, Pompey the Great. The latter had been lynched by an angry crowd, after he had killed his popular coregent Berenice III of Egypt|Berenice III, who was incidentally also a daughter of Ptolemy IX Soter II. Taking a cue from Egyptian mythology and intermittent royal practice, the Ptolemies made a habit of incestuous marriages; unlike Egyptian norms, such … After his death in 51 B.C., Cleopatra and her brother, Ptolemy XII, Ptolemy also provided pay and maintenance for 8,000 cavalry to Pompey for his war with Judaea. By his wife Cleopatra V, Ptolemy XII had at least one child, Berenice IV, and probably Cleopatra VII; he had his three youngest children, Arsinoe IV, Ptolemy XIII, and Ptolemy XIV, with an unknown mother. [24], Finally, in 60 BC, Ptolemy XII travelled to Rome, where the First Triumvirate, composed of Pompey, Crassus, and Julius Caesar, had just taken power, in order to negotiate official recognition of his kingship. This inbreeding was intended to stabilize the family; wealth a… The line had been founded by Alexander's general Ptolemy, who became King Ptolemy I Soter of Egypt. However, he was forced into a civil war against his mother and brother, Ptolemy X, leading to his exile in 107 BC. His mother is unknown. [53] According to Strabo, his practice of playing the flute earned him the ridiculing sobriquet Auletes ('flute player'): Now all of the kings after the third Ptolemy, being corrupted by luxurious living, administered the affairs of government badly, but worst of all were the fourth, seventh, and the last, Auletes, who, apart from his general licentiousness, practised the accompaniment of choruses with the flute, and upon this he prided himself so much that he would not hesitate to celebrate contests in the royal palace, and at these contests would come forward to vie with the opposing contestants. Perhaps Gabinius had also put pressure on Ptolemy XII to appoint Rabirius, who now had direct access to the financial resources of Egypt but exploited the land too much. Although the Romans had not acted on this, the possibility that they might forced the following Ptolemies to adopt a careful and respectful policy towards Rome. It was provided in his will that they should marry each other and reign jointly. Historians report that Cleopatra had three sisters and two younger brothers. In an effort to prevent this, Ptolemy XII established an alliance with Rome late into his first reign. Cleopatra was born in Alexandria in 69 BC to Ptolemy XII Auletes, who ruled Egypt from 80 to 58 BC and then again from 55 to 51 BC. Gabinius defeated the Egyptian frontier forces, marched to Alexandria, and attacked the palace, where the palace guards surrendered without fighting. Ptolemy battled with Julius Caesar for control of Egypt but was defeated at the Battle of the Nile in 47 BCE. [40], Egyptians heard rumours of Rome's possible intervention and disliked the idea of their exiled king's return. Ptolemy XIII Theos Philopator — ▪ Macedonian king of Egypt Greek“Ptolemy the Father Loving God” born 62/61 died 47 BC, near Alexandria Macedonian king of Egypt and coruler with his famous sister, Cleopatra VII (Cleopatra). She was soon murdered by her cousin and co-regent, Ptolemy XI, who was then killed. [22], In 76 BC, the High Priest of Ptah in Memphis died and Ptolemy XII travelled to Memphis to appoint his fourteen-year-old son, Pasherienptah III, as the new High Priest. to 51 B.C. He drowned, aged 15, while trying to escape the victorious Roman di… [46][47] Ptolemy also permitted a debasing of the coinage as an attempt to repay the loans. As a member of the Ptolemaic dynasty, he was a descendant of its founder, Ptolemy I. Ptolemy XII was an illegitimate son of Ptolemy IX by an uncertain mother. The eldest of the boys was proclaimed king as Ptolemy XII Neos Dionysos and married his sister, Tryphaena. Thus, Ptolemy XII ruled Egypt from 80 to 58 BC and from 55 BC until his death in 51 BC. The identity of the mother of the last three of Ptolemy's children, in birth order Arsinoe IV, Ptolemy XIII Theos Philopator, and Ptolemy XIV, is also uncertain. [7][20][21], On his arrival in Alexandria, in April 80 BC, Ptolemy XII was proclaimed king. Cleopatra III sent her grandsons to Kos in 103 BC. [49] His will stipulated that Cleopatra VII and her brother Ptolemy XIII should rule Egypt together. After their father died in 81 BC, Ptolemy XII's half-sister Berenice III took the throne. He was king of Egypt from 80 BC to 58 BC and from 55 BC until his death in 51 BC. He also asked Pompey to come to Alexandria and help to put down a revolt which had apparently broken out in Egypt; Pompey refused. [38][34] During this time, Roman creditors realized that they would not get the return on their loans to the king without his restoration. [15] Chris Bennett argues that these sons should be identified as Ptolemy XII and Ptolemy of Cyprus. The reason for this sudden shift is unknown, but presumably she was divorced at this time. [30][31][32], In 58 BC, the Romans took control of Cyprus, causing its ruler, Ptolemy XII's brother, to commit suicide. The images of her that had been carved on the main pylon of the Temple of Horus at Edfu were covered over at this time. Thames & Hudson. [37] On the way, he stopped in Rhodes where the exiled Cato the Younger offered him advice on how to approach the Roman aristocracy, but no tangible support. Ptolemy XII was generally described as a weak, self-indulgent man, a drunkard, and a music lover. They were held by Mithridates as hostages until 80 BC. In 80 BC, Ptolemy XII succeeded Ptolemy XI to the throne of Egypt. Her father Ptolemy XII Aul… He named his daughter Cleopatra VII as his co-regent in 52 BC. [16][17] There, Ptolemy XII and Ptolemy of Cyprus seem to have been captured by Mithridates VI of Pontus in 88 BC, at the outbreak of the First Mithridatic War. [44] On 31 May 52 BC his daughter Cleopatra VII was named as his coregent. The Roman historian Cassius Dio wrote that a group of one hundred men were sent as envoys from Egypt to make their case to the Romans against Ptolemy XII's restoration. [64] The Greek historian Strabo (c. 63 BC – c. AD 24) stated that the king had only three daughters of whom the eldest has been referred to as Berenice IV. The king had to imprison Rabirius to protect his life from the angry people, then allowed him to escape. Ptolemy XII Neos Dionysos Theos Philopator Theos Philadelphos (Greek: Πτολεμαίος Νέος Διόνυσος Θέος Φιλοπάτωρ Θεός Φιλάδελφος, New Dionysus, God Beloved of his Father, God Beloved of his Brother) (117 BC – 51 BC) was son of Ptolemy IX Soter II. herself. At some point during this period, probably in 81 or 80 BC, they were engaged to two of Mithridates' daughters, Mithridatis and Nyssa. In light of this crisis, however, Ptolemy XII began to expend significant resources on bribing Roman politicians to support his interests. In Rome, Ptolemy XII prosecuted his restitution but met opposition from certain members of the Senate. Upon the death of her father, Ptolemy XII Auletes, she had to share power with her indolent and insolent younger brother, Ptolemy XIII. Ptolemy reigned during the period of Hellenism. Cleopatra VII, the daughter of Ptolemy XII Auletes (“Flute Player”), upon her father’s death uneasily shared the throne with her brother Ptolemy XIII. Cleopatra II died in 115 BC and shortly afterwards Cleopatra III forced Ptolemy IX to divorce his sister-wife Cleopatra IV, who was sent off to marry the Seleucid king Antiochus IX Cyzicenus. Ptolemy XII Theos Philopater Philadelphus Neos Dionysos Auletes, King of Egypt, approximately 112 B.C.-51 B.C. [33] Ptolemy XII took no action in response to his brother's death and Cyprus remained a Roman province until returned to Ptolemaic control by Julius Caesar in 48 BC. In turn, Pasherienptah III crowned Ptolemy as Pharaoh and then went to Alexandria, where he was appointed as Ptolemy XII's 'prophet'. From then on he reigned until he fell ill in 51 BC. Ptolemy XII Neos Dionysos Philopator Philadelphos (Koinē Greek: Πτολεμαῖος Νέος Διόνυσος Φιλοπάτωρ Φιλάδελφος, Ptolemaĩos, "Ptolemy New Dionysus, Father-lover, Sibling-lover"; c. 117 BC – before 22 March 51 BC) was a king of the Ptolemaic dynasty of Ancient Egypt. After 115: Birth of Ptolemy XII Auletes, son of king Ptolemy IX Soter In 116 BC Ptolemy IX's father, Ptolemy VIII, died and he became co-regent with his mother, Cleopatra III. He ruled Egypt from 80 B.C. [27][24][28], The money required for these bribes was enormous. In every respect they remained completely Greek, both in their language and traditions. drowned during a fight with Caesar; Cleopatra killed Ptolemy XIV (4730 B.C.E. ) He was king of Egypt from 80 BC to 58 BC and from 55 BC until his death in 51 BC. He is assumed to have been an illegitimate son of Ptolemy IX Soter, perhaps by an Egyptian woman. After their father died in 81 BC, Ptolemy XII's half-sister Berenice III took the throne. Ptolemy IX meanwhile had been remarried to Cleopatra Selene, with whom he had a daughter, Berenice III. His reign began as co-ruler with his sister, the famous Cleopatra VII, following the wishes of their father, Ptolemy XII Auletes. Ptolemy XII was recalled from Pontus and proclaimed king of Egypt, while his brother, also named Ptolemy, became king of Cyprus. Her father, known as Ptolemy XII or Auletes, was the king of Egypt. However, Rome did not wish to invade Egypt to restore the king, since the Sibylline books stated that if an Egyptian king asked for help and Rome proceeded with military intervention, great dangers and difficulties would occur. Gabinius defeated the Egyptian frontier forces, marched to Alexandria, and attacked the palace, where the palace guards surrendered without fighting. [65] This suggests that the Cleopatra Tryphaena mentioned by Porphyry may not have been Ptolemy's daughter, but his wife. However in 58 BC after he failed to comment on the Roman conquest of Cyprus, a territory ruled by his brother, he was forced to flee to Rome. Following Cleopatra Tryphaena's death a year later, Berenice ruled alone from 57 to 56 BC. [22] Her parentage is uncertain – modern scholarship often interprets her as a sister,[22] but Christopher Bennett argues that she was a daughter of Ptolemy X. Upon regaining power, Ptolemy acted against Berenice, and along with her supporters, she was executed. Death On The Nile: Julius Caesar’s Victory. He was more commonly known as. In 107 BC she forced him to flee Alexandria for Cyprus and replaced him as co-regent with his younger brother Ptolemy X Alexander. During his reign, Ptolemy XII tried to secure his own fate and the fate of his dynasty by means of a pro-Roman policy. Upon regaining power, Ptolemy acted against Berenice, and along with her supporters, she w… They were captured by Mithridates VI of Pontus probably in 88 BC, around the time Ptolemy IX returned to the Egyptian throne. 45–47, accessed online, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Ptolemy_XII_Auletes&oldid=1000662519, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles containing Koinē Greek-language text, Articles containing Ancient Greek (to 1453)-language text, Pages with login required references or sources, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Ptolemy Neos Dionysos Philopator Philadelphos, Queen of Egypt (June 58 BC – early 55 BC), Queen of Cyprus in 48 BC, claimed queenship of Egypt from late 48 BC until expelled by, Co-regent with Cleopatra VII (51 – 47 BC), Co-regent with Cleopatra VII (47 – 44 BC), This page was last edited on 16 January 2021, at 03:12. The Banquet of Cleopatra by Gerard Hoet, 1648-1733, via The J. Paul Getty Museum, Los Angeles . https://ancientegypt.fandom.com/wiki/Ptolemy_XII?oldid=9457. Ptolemy XII, 61–47 B.C., king of ancient Egypt (51–47 B.C. There he was accused de repetundis, but defended by Cicero and probably acquitted. They were captured by Mithridates VI of Pontus probably in 88 BC, around the time Ptolemy IX returned to the Egyptian throne. Following the death of her father, Ptolemy XII Auletes, Cleopatra ascended to the throne in 51 BCE with one of her younger brothers as co-regent. Rabirius immediately left Egypt and went back to Rome at the end of 54 BC. Ptolemy XII (Ptolemy Auletes) (tŏl`əmē ôlē`tēz), d. 51 B.C., king of ancient Egypt (80–58 B.C., 55–51 B.C. His daughter Berenice IV became his successor.

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