Included is information about referencing, various citation formats with examples for each source type, and other helpful information. This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 2.5 Canada License, 2017. The APA 6th Style manual specifies the following for the reference list. Everything You Need to Know About Chicago Style. The entries are in alphabetical order according to the first author listed. Alphabetize entries by authors’ last names. An example is shown below. Consult the Publication Manual at the Reference Desk for further examples of other document types. For titles of articles, books, and book chapters: capitalize only the first letter of the first word of the title. In APA, your citation must include the digital object identifier (DOI) if it is available. The reference list provides a reliable way for readers to identify and locate the works cited in a paper. The DOI may be a string of characters or in the format of a URL. This allows the audience to access the source from which the information was obtained. Feel free to ask for help at the Library’s Reference/Information Desk (585-785-1432) or at the Write Place (585-785-1601). Give the surname and initials for all authors for works with up to 20 authors. It can be found on the first page of an article or if the document was found in a database, in the document description. Maintain any nonstandard punctuation and capitalization that is used by the journal in its title. Sample Student Reference Page. In APA style, your full citations are listed at the end of your paper in your List of References. If you’re looking for MLA format, check out the Citation Machine MLA Guide. Note that APA 7 has additional guidance on reference list entries for articles found only in specific databases or archives such as Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, UpToDate, ProQuest Dissertations and Theses Global, and university archives. Arrange by first author's name, then by second author if you have the same first author, etc. If there are two to seven authors, use “&” before the last author . (2019). (check the page on Authors for how to lay out the reference if you have more than one author). APA Style papers generally include reference lists, not bibliographies. You can find more details in the APA examples. Italicize or underline the titles of works such as books, television series, or albums. (n.d.). Be on a new page at the end of the document. Provide as specific a date as possible for the webpage. Creating APA Style References Manually List the author’s last name. If you continue with this browser, you may see unexpected results. This page provides you with an overview of APA format, 7th edition. Mention the heading ‘References’ on the top. If this date is clearly attributable to the specific content you are citing rather than the overall website, use the updated date in the reference. For a complete list of examples please consult Publication manual of the American Psychological Association, 6th ed. PDF The American Psychological Association (APA) established writing and documentation guidelines in 1929, so readers could easily understand the major points and findings in scientific research. An APA style reference list or bibliography should have a complete list of references used in your study. This citation style was created by the American Psychological Association. Ignore the words A, An, and The when alphabetising by title. Note: This page reflects APA 6, which is now out of date. Conservation benefits of whale watching in Juneau, Alaska. The reference list provides a reliable way for readers to identify and locate the works cited in a paper. 3345 Use the paragraph-formatting function of your word processing program to create your hanging indent. The examples found in the APA section are based on the style guide Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association, 7th ed., 2020.. General formatting. In an APA paper, the sources used in the paper are listed on the References page in alphabetical order. Order of references: For APA the reference list is arranged in alphabetical order of authors' surnames. The 7th Edition of APA has introduced significant changes to the way in which many resources are referenced. You will also capitalize proper nouns. Spacing: Like the rest of the APA paper, the reference list is double-spaced throughout. Confused? Arrangement: Alphabetize entries by author's last name.If source has no named author, alphabetize by the title, ignoring A, An, or The. Beginner's guide to APA in-text citation An APA in-text citation consists of the author’s last name, publication year, and when quoting, a … Find the one that matches your source type, copy it, and fill it in with the information from your source. This mostly applies to scholarly articles. Summary: APA (American Psychological Association) style is most commonly used to cite sources within the social sciences. Reference in APA 7 Reference List Elements Enter Search Words Search. Sample Reference Pages. Center the word “References” in bold font at the top of a new page. Begin your list of references on a new page at the end of your paper, before any tables, figures or appendices. (APA manual, 2020, Chapter 9). The reference list must include each in-text citation. This guide provides information about creating APA 7 Reference List and In-Text Citations, Creating an APA Style Reference List - 7th Edition, About the Libraries (General Information). Check out our Glossary of Library Terms. Here is a list of these rules: Alphabetically arrange the reference list by the author’s surname or last name. The library is currently closed to students due to Covid-19, but our librarians are,, In APA style, your full citations are listed at the end of your paper in your. Use the panels below to find out what your reference list citations should look like. The examples found in the APA section are based on the style guide Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association, 7th ed., 2020.. General formatting. Carlsten, J. M., & McGarry, F. This article reflects the APA 7th edition guidelines.Click here for APA 6th edition guidelines.. APA website citations usually include the author, the publication date, the title of the page or article, the website name, and the URL. The APA reference page starts with the label “References” in bold and centered. APA Reference List Formatting Tips Once you paste your list of APA citations into your own document, correct these things if necessary. Use this format in your APA citations: your teachers will be able to click them to consult your sources. The reference provides all the information that is essential to locate the sources. APA references The basics. Dr. Karen Palmer. List a book with multiple authors on the reference page. The key rules are: Start your reference list on a new page titled “References.” List every source cited in your work alphabetically by author surname. Need help? Indentation: To make citations easier to scan, add a hanging indent of 0.5 in. Review Citations. The equivalent APA 7 page can be found here.. Les normes APA suivent des règles spécifiques sur la manière dont vous devez citer vos sources et sur la présentation de votre bibliographie.. Une bibliographie aux normes APA est une section de votre travail académique où vous listez les sources utilisées. ED 123 456) For a complete list of examples please consult Publication manual of the American Psychological Association, 6th ed. APA (American Psychological Association) is most commonly used to cite sources within the social sciences. This is known as an in-text citation. Capitalize the names of authors including initials. Every source mentioned in an in-text citation should be listed in the reference list. When using the APA Style format in making your reference list, there are certain rules to follow. For more information, please consult the Publication … Format the Reference List The reference list should begin on a new page after the text or body of the paper and before any footnotes, tables, figures, and appendices. Italicize journal titles. To make the correct APA format references, follow the below guidelines. City, ST: Sponsoring Entity. Method 1 of 4: List References in APA Style . In-Text Guidelines. Figure Components: Number: The figure number(e.g. Revised on January 11, 2021. (ERIC Document Reproduction Service No. Its rules and guidelines can be found in the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association. AB-12). The reference list must include all references cited in the text of your paper. Printable Guides & Sample Papers Headings & Page Order ACAP Presentation Requirements APA Style Guidelines, Blog & Socials Citing In-text Toggle Dropdown. APA Format References. Heading: Place the section label References in bold at the top of the page, centered. Freeman, A. In-text reference: (Gelspan, 2007) These are the MOST COMMON examples cited. Type the word References in bold, centred one inch from the top of the page. The elements of reference list entries are covered in Sections 9.7 to 9.37 of the APA Publication Manual, Seventh Edition This guidance has been revised and expanded from the 6th edition. Each in-text citation must be included in the reference list. Different sources require a different date format. This article covers how to list references in an essay using APA, MLA, and Chicago style, as well as how to list references on a job application (see the fourth method.) For example: For more detailed examples, please visit the Citing Articles, Citing Books, Citing Websites, and Citing Media tabs. The references should all have a hanging indentation - the second and subsequent lines of each reference should start ½ inch from the margin. In APA format, a list of all the sources that have directly contributed to your work should be placed on a new page at the end of the narrative and titled ‘References’ (center align the title). ). APA Format: References. var x = document.createElement("script"); x.type = "text/javascript"; x.async = true; The reference list goes at the end of your assignment on a new page, and includes all the details necessary to identify sources for your in-text citations. A. The word References should be centered and bold at the top of the page Double-space your reference list For each author, list the last name first followed by the initials for their first and middle names Arrange your reference list alphabetically by the last name of the author If there is no author, use the title. APA Style offers sample student and professional papers, including a free annotated student sample paper.. Here’s a video showing how to format a Reference List: Keep double space between the references. How to cite a website in APA Style. (This means that the first line of each reference is flush against the left margin and the subsequent lines of each reference … In general, each work cited in the text must appear in the reference list, and each work in the reference list must be cited in the text. Reference list examples: Park avenue summer. APA Style calls for both in-text citations and a reference list. Call: (450) 672-7360 ext. The American Psychological Association has established rules and conventions for documenting sources that writers can follow when they are putting together their reference list. The word References should appear in bold in upper and lower case and be centred at the top of the page; All reference entries should be double-spaced; All references should be in a "hanging indent" format. Basic Rules All lines after the first line of each entry in your reference list should be indented one-half inch from the left margin. The examples found in the APA section are based on the style guide Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association, 7th ed., 2020. This guide provides formatting and presentation standards in APA 7 for ACAP students. APA Style papers generally include reference lists, not bibliographies. Please check the assignment formatting requirements for your individual unit as they may differ from the advice provided in the APA manual. The list of references must be on a new page at the end of your text. Present journal titles in full. This list has been single spaced for this guide, but you will probably be asked to double-space your assignment, and that includes the reference list. Alphabetize the list by the first word in the citation. Penguin Random House. Be sure NOT to add extra spaces between citations. In a report, the list is located before the Appendices/Appendix. See order of entries below for details. This means that every line after the first is moved a few spaces to the right. The first line of each entry starts at the left margin of the page, and each subsequent line of the entry is indented (0.5 inches = a standard tab in). Sources like books and journal articles only require the year, Sources like magazine articles, newspaper articles, social media, YouTube videos, blog posts, etc., require the full date, if that information is available. })(); Tip:  Check out this sample paper to find out what an essay in the APA style looks like. All APA reference lists should follow a standard format. var y = document.getElementsByTagName("script")[0]; y.parentNode.insertBefore(x, y); This resource, revised according to the 6 th edition, second printing of the APA manual, offers examples for the general format of APA research papers, in-text citations, endnotes/footnotes, and the reference page. Below is an example of a reference list formatted in APA style. Found on an Open Access Website The APA puts this information in a certain order and uses periods, italics, parenthesis, and other formatting to separate these pieces of the citation. You can list up to seven authors with Last Name, First Initial. References APA Referencing Basics: Reference List. It credits the authors whose works you have used and quoted to support your main topic. Everything that appears in your reference list will have been cited in your text! Therefore, if you have a source that APA does not include, APA suggests that you find the example that is most similar to your source and use that format. The information provided in the guide above follows the 6th edition (2009) of the manual. Every entry in an APA reference list has a hanging indent. In general, each work cited in the text must appear in the reference list, and each work in the reference list must be cited in the text. In APA style, a source is briefly cited within the text of a research paper using the authors surname (family name) and the date of publication. The equivalent resource for the older APA 6 style can be found here. Put the word References in boldfaced type at the top center of the page.Your reference list is alphabetized according to the first word of each end reference. When individual author(s) are credited on the webpage, list them as the author in the reference. The APA-style is one of the most common styles taught at and used by colleges, universities and other organizations, including several institutes of the HAN University of Applied Sciences. If a reference has no author, list it alphabetically according to the title. Paraphrasing Quotations … Unless otherwise advised, the APA style above should be used. Regarding reference list order: If you have several works by the same author, and one of the works has no date but the other works are dated, (n.d.) is treated as the oldest work for ordering your references.

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